Our top tips for growing great garlic
"Plant in Autumn from September to December - Plant in Spring, from January to late March ."
Check out the Garlic Farmers Calendar for a month by month guide on what to do and when.
Garlic grows across the UK provided it is grown in a free draining soil that is not too acidic, is kept well watered, weed free and has a good dose of both frost and sunshine. Any amateur gardener can grow good garlic.
For a great crop of garlic it is important to start with quality seed.
The Garlic Growers Calendar
Garlic Planting Guide
When to harvest Garlic in the UK
Ready to lift when the lower leaves start to change colour from green to yellow/ brown. End of May - end July depending on variety.
When the lower leaves start to yellow and fold and the garlic goes “weak at the knees” and begins to lie on the ground. Mid May - mid August depending on variety.
Follow the same directions as for other garlic varieties, but increase spacing to 25cm. Plant from September.
Plant cloves 2-5cm deep, 25cm apart. Keep well watered the first year and do not pick any plants. Wild garlic seed heads should also produce viable seed and assist in the spread of your wild garlic area.
Hardneck types produce beautiful floral spikes. These can be snapped off almost as soon as they appear to encourage the plants resources back down towards the bulb. Also known as scapes these can be sautéed and enjoyed like a garlicky green bean or asparagus or even made into a delicious pesto.
Produce a hard flowering spike. Cloves form around a central stem. Varieties include: Lubasha Wight, Kingsland Wight, Caulk Wight. Typically planted in the Autumn for harvest end of June - July. Hardnecks are typically hardier when growing and stronger in flavour.
Produce a softer stem with no flowering spike, typically more cloves to a bulb, bunched together in tight circles. Varieties include: Rhapsody Wight, Provence Wight, Picardy Wight, Maddock Wight, Mersley Wight & Solent Wight. Typically easier to grow, with good keeping qualities.
Growing Garlic in Pots
Garlic can be successfully grown in pots. Use a fresh standard growing medium. Typically plant 3 cloves to a 15cm pot, 6 to a 20cm pot and 8 – 10 to a 25cm pot. Be sure to use pots with at least 15cm depth to allow adequate freedom for the roots. Keep well watered and stand outside on a patio or window ledge, in a good sunny position.